Grasslands - Juniper - Swabian Alb
Calcareous grasslands (germ. Kalkmagerrasen) are very rich forms of vegetation, they are grasslands with high nature conservation value. The importance of limestone grasslands is due to their great number of drought and heat resistant plant and animal species and of warmth needing species with a main area of distribution further south. Additionally, many species have found a refuge here from the intensively used modern agricultural landscape where no other richly flowered habitats can be found.
Geology and geomorphology
The Swabian Alb is
a karst mountain chain of Jurassic origin. The mountains extend from Schaffhausen
(southwest) to the "Nördlinger Ries" (northeast) which represents an old
meteor crater. Approximately 300 m in height, its northwestern boundary
forms a striking crest line, the so-called "Albtrauf". Some of the southwestern
peaks rise higher than 1000 m NN.
limestone pasture project
area (KaMaRa-Project) was located in the middle of the swabian Alb.
limestone pastures (germ.: Wacholderheiden) are
limestone grasslands with juniperus communis, rosa speciosa, prunus spinosa
and other shrubs. They are typical for the Swabian Alb.
Blockpicture acc. to G.Wagner
© IBR : 09.10.2014